Go to Main Menu or Start at the Introductory Page
Inductive reasoning is a form of inference argumentation that uses analogies, examples, observations, and experiences to form conclusive propositions. It is used mostly to explain properties and relations to objects or types based on previous observations. In fact Analogical Reasoning is a subset of Inductive Reasoning.
Inductive logic uses experiences to formulate general statements based on limited observations of recurring patterns and examples to conclude a possible logical solution. It is the process of observing details and extrapolating generalizations from those observations (specific, smaller pieces of information used to shape general, larger conclusions).
Inductive reasoning contrast strongly with deductive reasoning in that, even in the best, or strongest, cases of inductive reasoning, the truth of the premises does not guarantee the truth of the conclusion. Instead, the conclusion of an inductive argument follows with some degree of probability and plausibility. Inductive reasoning is not designed to be a BE ALL to END ALL critical thinking tool, it’s simply an approach of using experiences, samples, known and unknown observation to find a reasonable & probable conclusion. Inductive reasoning is what led people originally to believe the earth was flat, and that the earth was the center of the universe, and that all other celestial bodies in the universe orbited around us.
One of the most common forms of inductive reasoning & logic, is something called the Inductive Bible Study. It’s a common technique many bible studying Christians use when going through the scriptures. In fact, my first experience with an inductive bible study was in College; -there was a campus ministry called Intervarsity that had Several Inductive Bible Studies throughout the week. It was actually my favorite bible study of all the ones I attended. I found it to be the most informative and most diligent at taking the scriptures and interpreting them without any presuppustional doctrinal stances. The Inductive Bible Study is broken down into three key components when reading and interpreting scripture.
Inductive Bible Study Key Components: 1)Observation, 2)Interpretation, 3)Application
A short video explaining what an inductive bible is:
The Inductive Bible Study is a process whereby the participants examine and evaluate details – facts, feelings, prior knowledge and impressions – of Biblical passages as the basis for gaining “insight” into general Biblical truths. Now not everybody is sold on doing an inductive bible study(The Problem with Inductive Bible Study), because to some degree it deals too much with the relative and not enough with the absolutes. That it leaves too much up to possibility, personal and public opinion. I disagree with that, because in a good inductive bible study, with a good group of people, you talk about the scriptures and Let Iron sharpen Iron. Actually in my experience, the issue of people putting their own opinion and interpretation in the scriptures is when they refuse to get dialogue going and become close-minded.
The topic of Induction and God; per Atheist George Smith vs. Apologist Greg Bahsen. In my opinion, even though inductive reasoning is slightly perceived in a lesser light it is still a useful and practical guide especially in situations when dealing with subjective questions.