Bible Difficulty #7
I know…I know, this is a common one and relatively old & simplistic contradiction, but none the less still a MAJOR GAPING HOLE. But lets see if we can put this one to rest.
The reason I bring this one back up, is even though I have heard this question a lot from non-believers and just curious youth from church. I have to be honest,nobody has ever really answered the question, and for those that do -the answer made absolutely no sense. So I think this would be a great time to research the apologetic s on this common question. (To see if I can find a reasonable answer/solution.)
16 So Cain went out from the LORD’s presence and lived in the land of Nod, east of Eden. 17 Cain made love to his wife, and she became pregnant and gave birth to Enoch. Cain was then building a city, and he named it after his son Enoch.
So the obvious question, where in the world did Cain’s Wife come from?
From doing a little research, I have found two running theories.
Theory #1– This theory is more commonly held by apologist and biblical scholars. That Cain married one of his sisters. First, this theory answers the question of is Genesis 1:24-21 & Genesis 2:7-25 two different creation stories or two separate creation stories? Well according the Christen Apologetic’s and Research Minstisry (C.A.R.M.) they are the same story.
“There is no contradiction between Genesis 1 and 2. Genesis 1 is a detailed explanation of the six days of creation, day by day. [And] Genesis two is [just] a recap and a more detailed explanation of the sixth day, the day that Adam and Eve were made. The recap is stated in Gen. 2:4.” (C.A.R.M.)
So according to the scritpures this is who was on earth and in order.
- Of course Adam– Genesis 2:7
- Eve– Genesis 2:22-24
- Cain– In Genesis 4:1, Adam and Eve’s offspring
- Abel– In Genesis 4:2, Also Adam and Eve’s offspring
- Seth- In Genesis 4:25 . Seth was born after Cain killed Abel. (Talk about a dysfunctional family.) And then in Genesis 5:5 “After Seth was born, Adam lived 800 years and had other sons and daughters.” Who were never named in the bible.
So according to this theory, the wife of Cain was one of the daughters of Adam and Eve, his sisters. Now there two main problems with this scenario.
The first is the biological implications of incest. If this was true, than we would only have ONE blood line (which would be just Adam and Eve.) There is no way that an entire planet of people could be populated off one just one couple and not have the mental and health instability of incest. Now in the link Bible Questions Answered they say, “Considering the purity of the gene pool through the first dozen or so generations, it is not likely that this would cause the difficulties it would cause today.” That is completely contradictory to biology and incest…the more pure the bloodline is the more drastic are the mental and health problems. This is evident to anyone is familiar with the incest & inbreeding of royal families.
The second problem with this scenario is that Adam and Eve, didn’t have daughters until after Seth (Genesis 5:4) was born and after Cain murdered his brother and left to build the city of Nod. (Genesis 4). So it is unlikely theory #1, is the answer to the post question, because it has two gaping holes that causes contradictions to biblical scripture and natural biological law.
Links that support the argument of Theory #1-
Theory #2– That God created other people besides than Adam and Eve. And that the other created people is were Cain found is wife from. Now this theory is not held by as many theologians and apologist, but in my opinion has no glaring contradictions. Some consider this to be the Pre-Adamite Theory.
26 Then God said, “Let us make mankind in our image, in our likeness, so that they may rule over the fish in the sea and the birds in the sky, over the livestock and all the wild animals, and over all the creatures that move along the ground.”
27 So God created mankind in his own image,
in the image of God he created them;
male and female he created them.
28 God blessed them and said to them, “Be fruitful and increase in number; fill the earth and subdue it. Rule over the fish in the sea and the birds in the sky and over every living creature that moves on the ground.”
29 Then God said, “I give you every seed-bearing plant on the face of the whole earth and every tree that has fruit with seed in it. They will be yours for food. 30 And to all the beasts of the earth and all the birds in the sky and all the creatures that move along the ground—everything that has the breath of life in it—I give every green plant for food.” And it was so. 31 God saw all that he had made, and it was very good. And there was evening, and there was morning—the sixth day.
Now this one would support Biological Science and to a certain degree would explain the gaps of why it appears we have two creation stories. This actually supports the Pre-Adamite Theory of a biological Eve or better know in science as Mitochondrial Eve. There appears to be no glaring biblical contradictions, and no biological contradication so it appears to solve the incest issue.
The Order of Creation
Genesis 1:11-12 and 1:26-27 Trees came before Adam.
Genesis 2:4-9 Trees came after Adam.
Genesis 1:20-21 and 26-27 Birds were created before Adam.
Genesis 2:7 and 2:19 Birds were created after Adam.
Genesis 1:24-27 Animals were created before Adam.
Genesis 2:7 and 2:19 Animals were created after Adam.
Genesis 1:26-27 Adam and Eve were created at the same time.
Genesis 2:7 and 2:21-22 Adam was created first, woman sometime later.
Genesis 1:31 God was pleased with his creation.
Genesis 6:5-6 God was not pleased with his creation.
However two things do come to mind, when reading the scriptures and studying theory #2. That when reading Genesis Chapter One & Two in context it appears to be just one story, not two separate creations of man and woman. Secondly if this theory is true, what happened to this group of Men and Women spoken of in Genesis 1:24-28. There is no other mention of this other group again in scripture. No mention of leadership, society, culture, geographic or family lineage. (And we all know the bible always loves to mention family lineage and geography/location.) To me the only contradiction to this theory is a logical contradiction. If God created a separate society; I find it hard to believe he created them and never ever spoke of them again.
Links that support the argument of Theory #2-